April 30, 2009 - Gays In The Military Should Be Allowed To Come Out, U.S. Voters Tell Quinnipiac University National Poll; Key Is Belief That Being Gay Is By Choice Or By Birth

Word format

The ban on openly gay men and women in the military should be repealed, American voters say 56 - 37 percent, including 50 - 43 percent among voters with family in the military, according to a Quinnipiac University national poll released today. American voters who think being gay is an individual's choice, 36 percent, are generally less supportive of gay rights than those who think people are born gay, 42 percent.

White Catholics say 64 - 29 percent that gays in the military should be allowed to come out, while white evangelical Christians support "don't ask; don't tell" 53 - 40 percent. Voters reject 58 - 35 percent, including 56 - 39 percent in military households, the argument that allowing openly gay men and women to serve would be divisive, the independent Quinnipiac (KWIN-uh-pe-ack) University survey of 2,041 registered voters nationwide finds.

American voters reject 50 - 44 percent the argument that ending discrimination against homosexuals is as necessary today as ending discrimination against blacks was in the 1960s. Black voters say 45 - 44 percent it is as important, while whites say 51 - 43 percent it is not.

Voters support 50 - 44 percent the federal law allowing states to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages performed in other states, but say 54 - 39 percent that the federal law denying federal spousal benefits to same-sex partners should be repealed.

Society is paying too much attention to the needs of gays and lesbians, 49 percent of voters say, while 21 percent say there's too little attention and 22 percent say it's "about right."

"Americans have nuanced and at times inconsistent views about gay rights issues. For instance, 60 percent think preventing gays from serving in the military is discrimination, but 51 percent don't think preventing gays from marrying is discrimination," said Peter A. Brown, assistant director of the Quinnipiac University Polling Institute.

American voters oppose 55 - 38 percent a law in their state allowing same-sex couples to marry, but support 57 - 38 percent allowing same-sex couples to form civil unions.

Voters also support 53 - 40 percent allowing same-sex couples to adopt children.

"In general, Americans tend to be more supportive when it comes to narrow equity questions like serving in the military or collecting federal benefits," Brown added. "But they are less accepting of more philosophical issues such as equating gay rights with civil rights for blacks and the belief that people are born gay rather than it being a choice. For example, 65 percent of those who think people are born gay support legalized gay marriage compared to 15 percent among those who say being gay is a personal choice."

A total of 4 percent of respondents say they are gay or bisexual, while 63 percent say they have close friends or family members who are gay. Among the 63 percent who have a gay friend or relative, support for homosexual rights is much higher. This group splits evenly on gay marriage, while the other 34 percent oppose it 70 - 25 percent.

There is a gender gap on most questions, with women six to 15 points more supportive of gay rights than men. Jews are the religious group most likely to support gay rights; evangelical Christians the least likely and white Catholics in the middle.

For example, Catholics support same-sex civil unions 68 - 27 percent while evangelical Christians oppose these unions 61 - 34 percent. Catholics support gay adoption 61 - 33 percent, while evangelical Christians oppose gay adoption 64 - 30 percent.

"Lifting the ban on gays in the military has public support as does repealing part - but not all - of the key sections of the federal Defense of Marriage Act," said Brown. Americans support the part of that federal law allowing states to refuse to recognize gay marriages performed in other states. But they want to repeal another part of the law that bans the federal government from recognizing gay marriage for any purpose, the most important of which would be eligibility for federal financial benefits such as spousal Social Security benefits."

From April 21 - 27, Quinnipiac University surveyed 2,041 registered voters nationwide with a margin of error of +/- 2.2 percentage points.

The Quinnipiac University Poll, directed by Douglas Schwartz, Ph.D., conducts public opinion surveys in Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Florida, Ohio and the nation as a public service and for research. For more data or RSS feed - http://www.quinnipiac.edu/polling.xml, or call (203) 582-5201.

18. Would you support or oppose a law in your state that would allow same-sex couples to get married?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Support            38%    17%    56%    40%    35%    41%    38%    27%    52%
Oppose             55     80     37     53     59     52     56     58     45
DK/NA               7      2      8      6      6      7      6     14      3
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Support            53%    39%    30%    37%    42%    50%    33%    50%
Oppose             39     56     63     57     54     45     60     45
DK/NA               7      6      6      7      4      5      7      5
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Support            47%    25%    65%    15%    17%    27%    43%    81%
Oppose             47     70     30     81     78     68     51     16
DK/NA               6      5      5      4      4      5      6      2
 
 
19. Would you support or oppose a law in your state that would allow civil unions for same-sex couples?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Support            57%    45%    62%    63%    57%    58%    59%    38%    59%
Oppose             38     52     32     33     39     36     36     50     40
DK/NA               5      3      6      4      4      6      5     12      2
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Support            63%    60%    53%    52%    66%    72%    51%    72%
Oppose             33     36     41     42     32     26     43     25
DK/NA               4      4      6      6      2      3      6      3
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Support            66%    43%    82%    32%    34%    50%    68%    93%
Oppose             30     52     15     64     61     46     27      7
DK/NA               4      4      3      4      5      5      5      -
 
 
20. Do you think same-sex couples should be allowed legally to marry, should be allowed legally to form civil unions but not marry, or should not be allowed to obtain legal recognition of their relationships?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Marry              33%    13%    48%    36%    30%    36%    33%    23%    46%
Civil unions       26     34     19     28     27     26     28     21     19
No recognition     34     50     25     30     37     31     33     42     30
DK/NA               6      4      8      5      5      7      6     14      6
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Marry              49%    34%    23%    31%    35%    44%    29%    43%
Civil unions       19     28     30     24     32     28     25     30
No recognition     27     33     38     37     30     23     39     22
DK/NA               5      5      8      7      3      4      7      5
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Marry              42%    20%    57%    13%    14%    22%    34%    69%
Civil unions       28     24     28     22     22     28     37     22
No recognition     26     50     11     60     59     44     22      6
DK/NA               5      6      4      6      5      5      6      2
 
TREND: Which would you prefer? Do you think same-sex couples should be allowed legally to marry, should be allowed legally to form civil unions but not marry, or should not be allowed to obtain legal recognition of their relationships?
                   Apr 30  Jul 17
                   2009    2008
 
Marry              33      32
Civil unions       26      33
No recognition     34      29
DK/NA               6       6
 
 
21. Under current federal law states can refuse to recognize same-sex marriages performed in other states. Do you think this law should remain in existence or not?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Yes                50%    69%    31%    53%    55%    45%    51%    46%    39%
No                 44     27     63     41     39     49     44     43     59
DK/NA               6      4      7      6      6      6      6     11      2
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Yes                44%    52%    51%    48%    50%    48%    49%    50%
No                 52     44     41     45     47     47     44     45
DK/NA               4      5      8      6      3      5      6      5
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Yes                45%    58%    32%    68%    67%    61%    49%    15%
No                 50     36     64     28     29     35     46     79
DK/NA               5      5      5      4      3      4      6      6
 
 
22. Under current federal law spouses in same-sex marriages are denied eligibility for federal benefits. Do you think this law should remain in existence or not?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Yes                39%    62%    25%    37%    45%    34%    40%    30%    37%
No                 54     33     68     57     49     58     53     60     62
DK/NA               7      4      7      6      6      8      7     11      1
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Yes                29%    39%    45%    40%    37%    35%    42%    33%
No                 66     55     46     54     59     61     50     62
DK/NA               5      5      9      7      4      4      7      5
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Yes                33%    51%    17%    62%    62%    51%    38%     8%
No                 62     43     77     33     31     40     57     90
DK/NA               5      6      6      5      7      8      5      1
 
 
23. Some people say that same-sex marriage is a threat to traditional marriage between a man and woman. Do you agree or disagree?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Agree              39%    58%    26%    37%    43%    35%    39%    45%    28%
Disagree           58     40     71     60     55     61     59     49     70
DK/NA               3      2      4      3      2      4      3      6      2
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Agree              34%    38%    42%    40%    38%    31%    43%    30%
Disagree           63     60     54     57     60     67     55     66
DK/NA               3      2      4      4      1      2      3      4
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Agree              32%    51%    19%    60%    57%    47%    34%     8%
Disagree           67     45     78     38     41     50     64     86
DK/NA               1      4      2      2      2      2      2      6
 
 
24. Some people say that not allowing same-sex couples to get married is discrimination. Do you agree or disagree?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Agree              45%    24%    63%    47%    42%    48%    44%    45%    57%
Disagree           51     74     33     50     55     48     52     48     41
DK/NA               3      2      4      3      3      4      3      7      1
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Agree              60%    45%    38%    45%    50%    52%    43%    51%
Disagree           38     52     58     51     49     47     53     46
DK/NA               2      3      4      4      1      1      4      3
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Agree              53%    33%    69%    25%    27%    34%    45%    77%
Disagree           44     64     29     73     70     63     51     21
DK/NA               3      2      2      2      2      2      3      2
 
 
25. Who do you think should decide whether same-sex couples should be allowed to get married - your state legislature or your state courts?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Legislature        43%    53%    38%    43%    48%    39%    45%    39%    29%
Courts             25     19     29     25     24     25     23     28     36
BOTH(VOL)           5      4      6      6      4      5      4      6     14
NEITHER(VOL)       16     14     14     15     15     16     15     19     10
DK/NA              12     10     13     12      9     14     12      7     12
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Legislature        49%    45%    38%    38%    51%    55%    39%    52%
Courts             25     25     23     26     27     20     25     24
BOTH(VOL)           6      4      5      6      4      5      5      4
NEITHER(VOL)        7     16     20     16     12     14     17     12
DK/NA              12     10     13     13      6      7     13      8
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Legislature        45%    41%    45%    41%    44%    47%    49%    30%
Courts             24     26     28     23     19     18     28     27
BOTH(VOL)           5      5      7      4      3      3      2     14
NEITHER(VOL)       16     15     12     19     19     17     12      9
DK/NA              10     13      9     13     16     13      9     21
 
 
26. Do you support or oppose allowing same-sex couples to adopt children?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Support            53%    36%    64%    57%    50%    56%    53%    48%    62%
Oppose             40     60     29     36     43     37     40     43     34
DK/NA               6      4      7      7      7      6      7      9      4
 
                  AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Support            63%    58%    44%    50%    60%    65%    48%    65%
Oppose             32     36     48     45     35     30     45     28
DK/NA               5      5      8      5      5      5      6      6
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Support            63%    38%    77%    33%    30%    44%    61%    83%
Oppose             32     56     18     64     64     49     33     11
DK/NA               5      6      5      4      6      6      6      6
 
 
27. Federal law currently prohibits openly gay men and women from serving in the military. Do you think this law should be repealed or not?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Yes                56%    42%    67%    57%    50%    61%    56%    48%    73%
No                 37     52     28     35     42     33     36     46     25
DK/NA               7      6      6      7      8      6      8      5      2
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Yes                61%    56%    52%    53%    61%    63%    52%    64%
No                 34     38     39     40     34     32     40     30
DK/NA               4      6      9      7      5      5      7      6
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn                    Mltry
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew  HsHld
 
Yes                61%    47%    77%    36%    40%    46%    64%    83%  50%
No                 33     46     18     58     53     46     29     10   43
DK/NA               6      6      5      6      7      8      7      7    7
 
 
28. Some people say that not allowing openly gay men and women to serve in the military is discrimination. Do you agree or disagree?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Agree              60%    42%    71%    65%    52%    67%    59%    61%    65%
Disagree           36     55     26     31     44     29     36     35     32
DK/NA               4      4      3      4      4      5      4      4      3
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Agree              71%    58%    55%    61%    63%    63%    57%    66%
Disagree           27     38     38     34     35     34     38     31
DK/NA               2      3      6      5      2      3      5      3
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn                    Mltry
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew  HsHld
 
Agree              67%    50%    82%    41%    44%    50%    67%    88%  52%
Disagree           30     47     16     55     52     45     30     11   44
DK/NA               3      4      2      5      4      5      4      1    4
 
 
29. Some people say that allowing openly gay men and women to serve in the military would be divisive for the troops and hurt their ability to fight effectively. Do you agree or disagree?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Agree              35%    51%    24%    33%    40%    30%    35%    39%    19%
Disagree           58     43     70     61     53     63     58     54     78
DK/NA               7      6      6      7      7      7      7      6      4
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Agree              29%    36%    35%    33%    35%    34%    37%    30%
Disagree           65     58     56     59     61     60     56     63
DK/NA               6      6      9      8      4      6      7      7
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn                    Mltry
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew  HsHld
 
Agree              29%    46%    18%    49%    51%    43%    30%     6%  39%
Disagree           65     48     76     45     43     51     63     79   56
DK/NA               6      6      5      6      5      6      7     15    4
 
 
30. In your opinion, what causes someone to be gay or lesbian - Do you believe that people are born gay or lesbian, or that people become gay or lesbian because of the way they are brought up, or is it just the way that some people choose to live?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Born               42%    26%    52%    46%    37%    46%    43%    29%    53%
Brought up          6      7      5      6      8      5      5      9      9
Choose             36     52     28     31     37     35     35     47     29
DK/NA              16     16     14     17     19     14     17     15      9
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Born               43%    42%    41%    38%    44%    54%    38%    51%
Brought up          6      6      6      8      3      4      7      4
Choose             42     34     34     38     36     27     40     27
DK/NA               9     18     18     15     16     15     16     18
 
                                 WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Born               48%    33%    23%    35%    53%    82%
Brought up          5      8      8      6      4      -
Choose             31     46     53     42     24      9
DK/NA              16     13     16     17     18      9
 
 
31. Do you have close friends or close relatives who are gay or lesbian?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Yes                63%    59%    64%    65%    63%    63%    61%    71%    76%
No                 34     38     34     33     35     34     37     25     21
DK/NA               3      3      2      3      3      3      2      3      3
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Yes                69%    67%    55%    61%    64%    74%    61%    68%
No                 29     31     41     36     34     24     37     30
DK/NA               2      2      3      3      2      2      3      2
 
                                        WHITE.............
                   CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Yes                72%    54%    52%    56%    65%    80%
No                 27     44     45     42     34     20
DK/NA               1      1      3      3      1      1
 
 
32. In general, do you think government is paying too much, too little, or about the right amount of attention to the needs of gays and lesbians?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Too much           41%    60%    25%    40%    43%    39%    42%    35%    30%
Too little         22      9     35     22     19     25     20     26     41
About right        26     21     29     28     27     25     25     28     22
DK/NA              11      9     11     11     11     12     12     11      7
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Too much           28%    42%    48%    42%    39%    39%    44%    35%
Too little         37     20     17     24     25     21     22     22
About right        27     29     21     22     29     31     22     34
DK/NA               8      9     15     12      7      9     12      9
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Too much           36%    50%    27%    55%    61%    50%    40%    19%
Too little         28     13     35     12     11     14     20     34
About right        27     24     29     21     17     23     31     22
DK/NA               9     13      9     11     10     13      8     25
 
 
33. In general, do you think society is paying too much, too little, or about the right amount of attention to the needs of gays and lesbians?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Too much           49%    67%    32%    50%    50%    48%    51%    43%    37%
Too little         21      7     32     22     19     23     20     24     30
About right        22     18     27     22     24     20     22     23     27
DK/NA               8      8      8      6      7      9      8     10      5
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Too much           44%    49%    51%    47%    51%    47%    51%    44%
Too little         29     19     19     23     22     23     21     21
About right        22     26     18     20     25     25     20     28
DK/NA               4      5     12     10      3      5      9      6
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Too much           44%    58%    35%    63%    66%    57%    48%    24%
Too little         27     12     32     12     11     15     20     39
About right        24     21     28     17     15     20     26     31
DK/NA               6     10      5      8      7      8      6      6
 
 
34. Some people say that ending discrimination against gay men and women is as necessary today as ending discrimination against blacks was in the 1960s. Do you agree or disagree?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Agree              44%    26%    59%    44%    40%    48%    43%    45%    63%
Disagree           50     67     35     52     55     45     51     44     36
DK/NA               6      6      6      4      5      7      6     11      2
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Agree              52%    43%    41%    46%    46%    48%    44%    45%
Disagree           45     51     50     47     52     48     49     50
DK/NA               3      5      8      7      2      4      7      5
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Agree              52%    32%    64%    27%    26%    34%    50%    65%
Disagree           44     61     33     67     68     60     45     30
DK/NA               4      7      4      6      5      6      5      4
 
 
35. Do you think of yourself as straight or heterosexual, gay or lesbian, or bisexual?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Straight/hetero    93%    96%    92%    93%    93%    93%    94%    93%    78%
Gay or lesbian      2      1      3      1      3      1      2      -      4
Bisexual            2      1      1      3      1      3      1      2     11
DK/NA               4      2      3      3      4      3      3      5      7
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Straight/hetero    90%    94%    94%    91%    96%    93%    93%    94%
Gay or lesbian      1      2      1      1      2      4      1      3
Bisexual            5      1      1      3      1      1      2      1
DK/NA               3      2      4      4      1      2      4      2
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Straight/hetero    93%    98%    92%    96%    95%    94%    97%    93%
Gay or lesbian      3      -      4      -      1      1      2      5
Bisexual            3      -      2      2      1      1      1      -
DK/NA               2      2      2      2      3      3      1      2
 
 
36. Are you or is anyone in your household currently in military service, a military veteran, or a reservist? (IF YES ASK:) Would that be you, or another member of your household?
                   Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    His
 
Yes, Self          13%    18%    10%    11%    24%     2%    13%    13%     7%
Yes, Hshold membr  15     17     11     17      8     21     16      8     13
Yes, Both           1      1      1      1      2      -      1      3      1
No                 71     64     78     69     64     76     69     76     80
DK/NA               1      -      1      1      1      -      1      -      -
 
                   AGE IN YRS.......    INCOME.............  NoColl Coll
                   18-34  35-54  55+    <50    50-100 >100K  Degree Degree
 
Yes, Self           6%    11%    20%    11%    14%    15%    13%    12%
Yes, Hshold membr  11     15     17     17     13     12     16     13
Yes, Both           1      1      1      1      1      -      1      1
No                 81     73     62     70     72     71     69     74
DK/NA               2      -      1      -      -      1      1      -
 
                                               WHITE.............
                   KNOW SMONEQ31 CAUSE Q30.... BrnAgn
                   Yes    No     Born   Choose Evngl  Prot   Cath   Jew
 
Yes, Self          12%    14%    12%    13%    11%    12%    16%    15%
Yes, Hshold membr  16     13     15     13     18     18     13     13
Yes, Both           1      1      -      1      1      2      1      -
No                 70     71     72     72     68     67     70     71
DK/NA               -      1      1      1      1      -      -      -