March 18, 2004 - Leave Gay Marriage To States, Not U.S. Constitution, Pennsylvania Voters Tell Quinnipiac University Poll; But Voters Oppose Gay Marriage 2 - 1
Laws regulating gay marriage should be set by the states, not by amending the U.S. Constitution, Pennsylvania voters say 50 - 38 percent in a Quinnipiac University poll released today. Keystone State voters oppose gay marriage 63 - 31 percent.

By a narrower 50 - 41 percent margin, Pennsylvania voters oppose civil unions for same sex partners, the independent Quinnipiac (KWIN uh-pe-ack) University poll finds.

Only 5 percent of voters list gay marriage as the most important issue in deciding their presidential vote. Economic conditions is most important, 34 percent say, followed by 20 percent who list health care, 16 percent who list terrorism, 11 percent who say Iraq and another 11 percent who say taxes.

"Even though gay marriage is not a big issue in the presidential campaign, Pennsylvania voters are overwhelmingly against these unions. Two-thirds reject gay marriage and a majority don't want civil unions between gays legalized. This is in keeping with Pennsylvania's generally conservative tradition on controversial social issues including abortion. In an earlier Quinnipiac University poll, 58 percent said they believed homosexuality was morally wrong," said Clay F. Richards, assistant director of the Quinnipiac University Polling Institute.

Asked specifically about the issue of same sex unions, 14 percent of Pennsylvania voters say it is "extremely important" in deciding their presidential vote, while 13 percent say it is "very important;" 30 percent say it is "somewhat important" and 42 percent say it is "not important." Rendell, Specter Approval

Gov. Ed Rendell has a 46 - 35 percent approval rating, compared to 48 - 36 percent in a February 19 Quinnipiac University poll.

Sen. Arlen Specter has a 49 - 36 percent approval, compared to 53 - 32 percent in a February 18 poll. Only 36 percent of Pennsylvania voters want to see Specter reelected this year, while 44 percent want a new senator, compared to 40 - 44 percent for reelecting Specter in the February 18 poll.

But Specter still tops U.S. Rep. Joseph Hoeffel, the possible Democratic challenger, 45 - 29 percent, compared to 50 - 31 percent last month.

Specter gets a 35 - 24 percent favorability rating among Pennsylvania voters, with 30 percent mixed and 9 percent who don't know enough to form an opinion.

Looking at Rep. Hoeffel, 70 percent haven't formed an opinion. And 66 percent haven't formed an opinion of U.S. Rep. Pat Toomey, a possible Republican primary challenger for Specter's seat.

"While 44 percent would like to see someone other than Specter in the Senate, that someone else does not include either Congressman Toomey or Congressman Hoeffel at this point. Both are so unknown that more than two-thirds of Pennsylvania voters don't have an opinion of them," Richards said.

From March 9 - 15, Quinnipiac University surveyed 1,022 Pennsylvania registered voters with a margin of error of +/- 3.1 percent.

The Quinnipiac University Poll, directed by Douglas Schwartz, Ph.D., conducts public opinion surveys in Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and the nation as a public service and for research. For additional data -- www.quinnipiac.edu and quicklinks

TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Ed Rendell is handling his job as Governor?

                       App     Dis     DK/NA


Mar 18,2004 46 35 19 Feb 19,2004 48 36 16 Dec 16, 2003 46 34 19 Oct 16, 2003 50 28 22 Aug 6, 2003 51 29 21 May 23, 2003 49 27 24 Apr 10, 2003 51 19 30 Feb 20, 2003 54 12 33



TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Arlen Specter is handling his job as United States Senator?

                       App     Dis     DK/NA


Mar 18, 2004 49 36 15 Feb 18, 2004 53 32 15 Dec 17, 2003 57 31 12 Oct 15, 2003 54 31 16 Aug 7, 2003 57 27 16 May 22, 2003 60 25 15 Apr 10, 2003 59 22 19 Feb 21, 2003 60 21 19 Sept. 18, 2002 58 24 18 Jul 24, 2002 56 24 20 Jun 5, 2002 56 23 21



1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Ed Rendell is handling his job as Governor?
                                                                      Union 
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds


Approve 46% 35% 60% 43% 48% 43% 42% Disapprove 35 48 23 34 36 34 45 DK/NA 19 17 17 24 15 23 13

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Approve 44% 60% 45% 63% 28% 32% 39% Disapprove 39 17 36 21 47 51 42 DK/NA 16 23 18 17 26 17 19



2. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the state legislature is handling its job?
                                                                      Union 
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds


Approve 40% 44% 37% 38% 42% 37% 35% Disapprove 40 37 42 43 42 38 48 DK/NA 20 19 20 19 16 24 17

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Approve 37% 33% 42% 50% 30% 29% 45% Disapprove 42 45 42 29 39 56 37 DK/NA 21 22 16 21 32 15 18



3. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Arlen Specter is handling his job as United States Senator?
                                                                      Union 
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds


Approve 49% 54% 46% 47% 51% 48% 44% Disapprove 36 32 37 40 39 33 43 DK/NA 15 13 17 13 11 19 13

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Approve 52% 41% 54% 47% 50% 45% 53% Disapprove 38 38 32 35 29 44 36 DK/NA 10 21 13 19 21 11 12



4. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Rick Santorum is handling his job as United States Senator?
                                                                      Union 
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds


Approve 51% 71% 33% 47% 56% 46% 48% Disapprove 28 10 43 35 30 27 31 DK/NA 21 18 24 18 15 27 21

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Approve 55% 31% 47% 47% 61% 56% 56% Disapprove 31 30 34 34 18 32 22 DK/NA 14 39 19 19 22 12 22



13. Arlen Specter will be up for re-election this November. Would you like to see Arlen Specter re-elected senator, or would you rather see someone else elected senator?

                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Specter 36% 40% 36% 30% 37% 36% 37% Someone else 44 42 45 47 47 41 49 DK/NA 19 18 19 22 16 23 14

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Specter 39% 31% 43% 32% 47% 36% 34% Someone else 47 47 39 46 36 46 45 DK/NA 14 23 18 22 16 18 21



14. Suppose the general election for senator were being held today, and the candidates were Joseph Hoeffel the Democrat and Arlen Specter the Republican for whom would you vote?

                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Hoeffel 29% 13% 43% 36% 30% 28% 35% Specter 45 62 33 38 49 42 43 SMONE ELSE(VOL) 3 2 1 6 3 3 3 WLDN'T VOTE(VOL) 3 2 3 1 2 3 3 DK/NA 20 21 20 20 16 24 16

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Hoeffel 29% 44% 26% 32% 18% 23% 27% Specter 46 38 49 41 52 48 46 SMONE ELSE(VOL) 7 1 1 2 2 5 2 WLDN'T VOTE(VOL) 2 4 2 3 1 2 3 DK/NA 16 13 21 21 26 22 22



15. Is your opinion of Pennsylvania Congressman Pat Toomey favorable, unfavorable, mixed, or haven't you heard enough about him?

                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Favorable 13% 19% 7% 14% 15% 11% 12% Unfavorable 8 7 11 5 9 8 9 Mixed 12 11 12 16 12 11 14 Hvn't hrd enough 66 63 68 65 64 69 64 REFUSED 1 1 2 - - 2 1

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Favorable 14% 9% 17% 11% 11% 16% 14% Unfavorable 10 5 14 7 10 12 5 Mixed 8 14 17 11 5 18 10 Hvn't hrd enough 67 70 52 69 74 54 71 REFUSED 2 1 1 2 - - 1



16. Is your opinion of Pennsylvania Congressman Joseph Hoeffel favorable, unfavorable, mixed, or haven't you heard enough about him?

                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Favorable 10% 5% 15% 12% 11% 9% 11% Unfavorable 6 8 2 7 8 4 6 Mixed 14 12 14 17 15 13 16 Hvn't hrd enough 70 74 67 64 65 74 67 REFUSED 1 - 2 - 1 1 1

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Favorable 6% 23% 8% 17% 4% 3% 6% Unfavorable 3 7 5 11 2 5 4 Mixed 8 23 10 22 9 13 10 Hvn't hrd enough 83 46 76 48 82 78 79 REFUSED - 1 1 2 2 1 1



17. Is your opinion of United States Senator Arlen Specter favorable, unfavorable, mixed, or haven't you heard enough about him?

                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Favorable 35% 40% 32% 33% 33% 37% 36% Unfavorable 24 20 25 28 26 22 29 Mixed 30 29 35 28 34 27 30 Hvn't hrd enough 9 10 8 10 5 13 4 REFUSED 1 1 1 1 2 1 1

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Favorable 35% 31% 39% 29% 47% 38% 32% Unfavorable 28 25 24 26 23 26 20 Mixed 30 35 24 29 23 31 35 Hvn't hrd enough 7 7 12 14 7 3 11 REFUSED - 2 1 2 - 2 2



18. In general, how satisfied are you with the way things are going in Pennsylvania today? Are you very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied?
                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Very satisfied 4% 4% 3% 5% 3% 5% 3% Smwht satisfied 46 52 45 41 47 45 45 Smwht dissatisfied 33 31 31 36 33 32 34 Very dissatisfied 15 10 20 16 14 16 18 DK/NA 2 2 1 1 2 2 1

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Very satisfied 4% 7% 3% 6% - 3% 4% Smwht satisfied 35 44 47 58 47 31 49 Smwht dissatisfied 39 29 36 24 35 44 30 Very dissatisfied 18 20 13 8 18 20 15 DK/NA 4 - 1 4 - 1 2



19. Which one of the following issues is most important to you when you think about your vote in the general election for president in November; economic conditions, health care, the situation in Iraq, terrorism, taxes or gay marriage?

                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Economic cond 34% 29% 42% 36% 36% 33% 38% Health care 20 15 25 22 16 24 22 Iraq 11 6 14 13 7 13 8 Terrorism 16 26 5 15 20 12 14 Taxes 11 14 7 10 13 9 10 Gay marriage 5 6 4 2 5 5 4 SOMETHING ELSE(VOL) 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 DK/NA 3 3 2 1 2 4 2

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Economic cond 26% 36% 34% 39% 38% 32% 33% Health care 16 27 33 17 16 24 15 Iraq 13 21 11 10 4 6 8 Terrorism 23 6 10 17 17 19 17 Taxes 12 7 6 11 8 8 15 Gay marriage 6 1 4 1 12 6 5 SOMETHING ELSE(VOL) 1 - 1 3 2 2 2 DK/NA 2 3 2 2 3 3 4



21. Would you describe the state of Pennsylvania's economy these days as: excellent, good, not so good or poor?

                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Excellent - - - 1% - - 1% Good 30 38 23 32 35 27 27 Not so good 47 44 51 48 46 48 53 Poor 19 13 24 17 16 22 19 DK/NA 3 5 2 2 2 4 -

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Excellent 0% - - - 1% - 1% Good 25 21 29 44 27 18 35 Not so good 49 58 51 43 43 47 44 Poor 23 20 14 10 28 35 16 DK/NA 2 1 6 3 1 1 5



22. During the next 12 months, do you think the economic conditions in Pennsylvania will get better, get worse, or stay about the same?

                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Get better 28% 29% 30% 23% 33% 23% 21% Get worse 12 10 14 14 13 12 15 Stay the same 55 56 54 58 50 59 60 DK/NA 5 5 3 5 5 6 3

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Get better 31% 36% 29% 30% 28% 20% 24% Get worse 18 12 12 8 10 16 12 Stay the same 46 48 55 57 58 58 58 DK/NA 5 4 3 5 5 6 6



26. Would you support or oppose a law that would allow same-sex couples to form civil unions, giving them many of the legal rights of married couples?

(*Attend Services: Would you say you attend religious services every week, almost every week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, or never?)

                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Support 41% 25% 51% 55% 40% 43% 42% Oppose 50 70 39 35 53 48 52 DK/NA 8 5 10 10 8 9 6

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Support 44% 44% 46% 54% 33% 30% 36% Oppose 53 46 47 37 56 63 56 DK/NA 3 9 7 9 11 7 9

ATTEND SERVICES*..................... Weekly MstWks Mnthly Yearly Never

Support 27% 36% 44% 47% 66% Oppose 68 54 41 45 29 DK/NA 6 10 15 9 4



27. Would you support or oppose a law that would allow same-sex couples to get married?

(*Attend Services: Would you say you attend religious services every week,

                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Support 31% 13% 43% 41% 28% 33% 37% Oppose 63 84 50 52 68 60 59 DK/NA 6 4 7 8 5 7 4

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Support 31% 40% 32% 36% 22% 20% 28% Oppose 66 54 60 55 69 76 68 DK/NA 3 6 8 8 9 5 4

ATTEND SERVICES*..................... Weekly MstWks Mnthly Yearly Never

Support 16% 24% 30% 40% 51% Oppose 79 69 62 55 42 DK/NA 4 8 9 5 7



28. Which comes closer to your view -- - the United States Constitution should be amended to make it illegal for same-sex couples to get married, or - each state should be allowed to make its own laws on same-sex marriage?

(*Attend Services: Would you say you attend religious services every week, almost every week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, or never?)

                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Const amendment 38% 55% 28% 28% 39% 37% 35% States make laws 50 36 59 60 50 50 54 DK/NA 12 9 13 12 11 12 11

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Const amendment 38% 35% 34% 26% 39% 53% 44% States make laws 57 47 56 63 42 40 44 DK/NA 6 17 10 11 20 7 12

ATTEND SERVICES*..................... Weekly MstWks Mnthly Yearly Never

Const amendment 50% 47% 34% 30% 23% States make laws 37 42 53 62 62 DK/NA 12 11 12 9 16



29. How important will the issue of same-sex marriage be in your vote for President this year? Extremely important, very important, somewhat important, or not important?

(*Attend Services: Would you say you attend religious services every week, almost every week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, or never?)

                                                                      Union  
                      Tot     Rep     Dem     Ind     Men     Wom     hsHlds 


Extremely important 14% 19% 9% 12% 11% 16% 10% Very important 13 14 11 15 13 13 11 Smwht important 30 29 31 28 28 31 28 Not important 42 36 47 45 46 38 50 DK/NA 2 2 2 1 1 2 2

Algny Philly NthEst SthEst NthWst SthWst Cntrl

Extremely important 12% 14% 10% 11% 22% 17% 13% Very important 11 14 16 12 12 17 10 Smwht important 36 24 26 30 20 32 34 Not important 41 45 48 43 40 34 42 DK/NA - 3 1 4 6 - 1

ATTEND SERVICES*..................... Weekly MstWks Mnthly Yearly Never

Extremely important 22% 13% 10% 8% 12% Very important 15 21 13 9 7 Smwht important 26 30 36 33 23 Not important 35 34 41 47 56 DK/NA 2 2 - 3 1