April 20, 2012 - American Voters Say Happy Days Aren't Quite Here, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Voters Approve Of Detroit Bailout

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The surge of economic optimism may have stalled as American voters say 41 - 35 percent they are worse off financially than four years ago, and 51 percent don't expect their personal financial situation to change in the next 12 months, while 32 percent expect it to get better and 13 percent expect it to get worse, according to a Quinnipiac University poll released today.

Voters say 68 - 27 percent the economy is in a recession, but say 53 - 43 percent it has begun to recover, the independent Quinnipiac (KWIN-uh-pe-ack) University poll finds.

The U.S. Supreme Court should overturn the 2010 health care law, voters say 49 - 38 percent. And voters say 62 - 27 percent the Supreme Court should uphold Arizona's immigration law.

By 53 - 41 percent voters approve of the government bailout of the auto industry and believe the bailout has been a success 50 - 38 percent. Democrats approve of the bailout 78 - 17 percent while Republicans disapprove 59 - 34 percent. Independent voters split 49 - 46 percent.

"A small majority of American voters think the economy is improving, but the groundswell of optimism we saw in recent months seems to have hit a wall," said Peter A. Brown, assistant director of the Quinnipiac University Polling Institute. "Last October, voters said 77 - 20 percent the country was in recession. By February public opinion was rosier with voters saying 66 - 30 percent the country was in recession, a solid positive move.

"But now, voters say 68 - 27 percent, we are in a recession. The momentum has slowed if not reversed. Similarly, in September voters said 68 - 28 percent the economy was NOT beginning to recover which turned to 54 - 43 percent in February that it WAS beginning to recover. But now that number has stalled with voters saying 53 - 43 the economy has begun to recover."

Democrats, who tend to have lower incomes than Republicans, say 51 - 23 percent they are better off than four years ago. They are worse off, Republicans say 55 - 24 percent and independent voters say 46 - 32 percent.

African-Americans, who as a group have lower incomes than whites, say 55 - 21 percent they are better off. Hispanics also say they are better off 40 - 35 percent, while whites say worse off 46 - 31 percent.

"It is symbolic of the yawning political divide in this country that even when asked about their financial situation many voters seem to see the answer through a political prism involving their views about Barack Obama's presidency," said Brown. "It is a reasonable presumption that folks for the president see a need to say they have done better to show support for the president - no matter what they have in their wallet. Those who are anti-Obama feel a need to say he has hurt them financially - even if they're on the upper side of the income scale."

Asked about the next 12 months, Democrats say 40 - 7 percent, Republicans 23 - 17 percent and independents 32 - 14 percent that things will get better for them in the next year. Optimistic are black voters 59 - 6 percent, whites 27 - 14 percent and Hispanics 41 - 8 percent.

American voters give the Supreme Court a 52 - 31 percent job approval rating, higher than approval ratings for President Obama or for Democrats or Republicans in Congress.

Democrats want the high court to uphold the health care law 70 - 16 percent. The court should overturn it, Republicans say 80 - 9 percent and independent voters say 55 - 33 percent.

On immigration, there is a smaller partisan divide and Hispanic voters are divided as 45 percent want the court to uphold the Arizona law while 43 percent want the law overturned.

From April 11 - 17, Quinnipiac University surveyed 2,577 registered voters with a margin of error of +/- 1.9 percentage points. Live interviewers call land lines and cell phones.

The Quinnipiac University Poll, directed by Douglas Schwartz, Ph.D., conducts public opinion surveys in Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Florida, Ohio, Virginia and the nation as a public service and for research. For more data or RSS feed- http://www.quinnipiac.edu/polling.xml, call (203) 582-5201, or follow us on Twitter.

18. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the United States Supreme Court is handling its job?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve              52%    62%    44%    51%    56%    47%    53%    48%    47%
Disapprove           31     23     38     31     30     32     30     33     34
DK/NA                18     16     17     18     14     21     17     18     19
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Approve              57%    51%    53%    62%    58%    48%    53%    57%    54%
Disapprove           31     30     29     21     28     31     28     26     30
DK/NA                12     19     18     16     13     20     19     17     17
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Approve              55%    50%    44%    53%    56%    59%    55%    55%    47%
Disapprove           32     30     34     33     29     30     29     30     32
DK/NA                13     19     23     14     15     11     16     14     21
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way the United States Supreme Court is handling its job? (* High also 62% May 2009)
                                                             APPROVE.......
                                                             High    Low
                     Apr 20  Apr 21  Jun 04  May 29  Jul 17  Jun 04  Jul 17
                     2012    2010    2009    2009    2008    2009*   2008
 
Approve              52      49      62      62      39      62      39
Disapprove           31      33      22      22      43      22      43
DK/NA                18      18      16      16      18      16      18
 
 
20. In general, how satisfied are you with the way things are going in the nation today; are you very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Very satisfied        3%     -      6%     2%     2%     3%     1%    10%     4%
Smwht satisfied      28     10     52     21     27     29     22     59     32
Smwht dissatisfied   29     27     27     32     29     29     29     22     35
Very dissatisfied    40     61     14     45     41     38     47      8     28
DK/NA                 1      1      -      1      1      1      1      -      2
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Very satisfied        1%     1%     1%     1%     1%     1%     1%     1%     1%
Smwht satisfied      27     20     19     23     22     23     18     21     27
Smwht dissatisfied   31     29     25     38     30     29     23     34     28
Very dissatisfied    40     50     54     38     47     46     58     43     42
DK/NA                 -      1      -      -      -      1      -      1      1
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Very satisfied        3%     3%     4%     3%     1%     2%     3%     2%     3%
Smwht satisfied      31     27     32     24     28     29     30     28     27
Smwht dissatisfied   29     29     27     28     32     28     31     30     27
Very dissatisfied    37     41     36     45     38     42     35     39     42
DK/NA                 -      1      1      1      -      -      1      -      1
 
TREND: In general, how satisfied are you with the way things are going in the nation today; are you very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied?
                                                             VERY+SMWHT SAT
                                                             High    Low
                     Apr 20  Feb 23  Nov 23  Nov 02  Oct 06  Dec 11  Nov 13
                     2012    2012    2011    2011    2011    2001    2008
 
Very satisfied        3       4       2       2       2      21       2
Smwht satisfied      28      26      16      17      16      47      14
Smwht dissatisfied   29      28      31      30      28      19      38
Very dissatisfied    40      42      50      51      53      10      44
DK/NA                 1       1       1       1       1       3       2
 
 
25. Would you describe your own personal financial situation as excellent, good, not so good, or poor?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Excellent             9%    11%    10%     7%    10%     8%     9%    11%     6%
Good                 54     53     56     52     54     53     56     51     38
Not so good          23     27     20     24     23     24     22     21     33
Poor                 12      7     12     15     12     12     10     14     23
DK/NA                 2      2      1      2      2      2      2      3      1
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Excellent            14%     7%     9%    10%    11%     8%     7%    10%     9%
Good                 68     51     56     60     58     55     55     59     59
Not so good          12     27     25     19     19     25     25     21     21
Poor                  4     14      9     11     11     10     11      9      9
DK/NA                 2      2      2      1      1      2      2      1      2
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Excellent            14%     7%     3%     4%     8%    28%     7%    10%     9%
Good                 66     49     34     58     67     64     51     56     54
Not so good          13     27     31     30     20      7     29     20     23
Poor                  5     16     31      8      4      1     13     14     11
DK/NA                 2      2      2      -      -      -      1      -      2
 
 
26. Are you better off or worse off financially today than you were four years ago?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Better               35%    24%    51%    32%    37%    34%    31%    55%    40%
Worse                41     55     23     46     40     42     46     21     35
SAME (VOL)           21     19     24     20     20     22     21     21     19
DK/NA                 3      2      3      2      2      3      2      4      6
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Better               38%    28%    25%    29%    34%    28%    25%    30%    30%
Worse                37     50     51     46     45     47     56     45     44
SAME (VOL)           23     20     22     23     20     23     17     24     24
DK/NA                 1      2      2      1      1      2      2      1      1
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Better               40%    34%    32%    29%    38%    50%    53%    36%    27%
Worse                35     44     47     47     38     30     29     44     46
SAME (VOL)           23     20     17     22     22     20     13     20     25
DK/NA                 2      3      4      1      1      -      5      1      2
 
 
27. During the next 12 months, do you think your own personal financial situation will get better, get worse, or stay about the same?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Better               32%    23%    40%    32%    36%    29%    27%    59%    41%
Worse                13     17      7     14     11     14     14      6      8
Stay about the same  51     57     50     49     49     53     55     31     48
DK/NA                 4      3      4      4      4      5      4      4      3
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Better               26%    28%    22%    22%    34%    22%    25%    24%    27%
Worse                12     15     16     11     11     16     20     12     14
Stay about the same  58     53     57     62     52     57     51     60     54
DK/NA                 4      4      4      5      3      5      4      4      4
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Better               28%    34%    36%    32%    33%    31%    54%    35%    19%
Worse                12     13     15     11     11     11      6     13     16
Stay about the same  56     48     45     53     53     56     38     50     60
DK/NA                 4      4      4      4      3      2      3      3      5
 
 
28. Do you think the United States economy is in a recession now?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes                  68%    79%    57%    69%    66%    69%    69%    59%    67%
No                   27     15     38     28     30     25     26     37     27
DK/NA                 5      6      6      3      4      6      5      4      6
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Yes                  62%    72%    73%    67%    66%    71%    76%    68%    70%
No                   34     22     21     27     30     22     19     27     26
DK/NA                 4      6      6      6      4      6      5      5      4
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Yes                  61%    70%    70%    70%    66%    64%    69%    68%    66%
No                   35     24     24     27     30     33     29     27     27
DK/NA                 4      5      6      4      4      3      2      4      7
 
TREND: Do you think the United States economy is in a recession now?
                                                             YES RECESSION
                                                             High    Low
                     Apr 20  Feb 23  Oct 06  Sep 01  Jul 14  Jun 22  Feb 23
                     2012    2012    2011    2011    2011    2010    2012
 
Yes                  68      66      77      76      71      79      66
No                   27      30      20      20      25      18      30
DK/NA                 5       4       3       4       4       3       4
 
 
29. Do you think the economy is beginning to recover or not?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes                  53%    34%    77%    48%    52%    53%    50%    74%    52%
No                   43     62     19     47     43     42     46     20     40
DK/NA                 4      4      4      5      4      5      4      6      8
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Yes                  61%    45%    43%    54%    51%    49%    39%    52%    50%
No                   36     51     52     44     46     47     56     44     45
DK/NA                 3      4      5      2      3      4      4      4      5
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Yes                  63%    49%    50%    51%    57%    58%    58%    49%    54%
No                   34     46     45     46     40     38     37     47     41
DK/NA                 3      5      5      3      3      4      5      3      6
 
TREND: Do you think the economy is beginning to recover or not?
                     Apr 20  Feb 23  Sep 01  Jul 14  Jun 09  Jan 18  Jul 22
                     2012    2012    2011    2011    2011    2011    2010
 
Yes                  53      54      28      45      45      54      44
No                   43      43      68      52      52      43      52
DK/NA                 4       3       4       3       3       3       5
 
 
30. Who do you trust to do a better job handling the economy, President Obama or the Republicans in Congress?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Obama                43%     7%    84%    35%    40%    46%    35%    87%    50%
Reps in Congress     43     80      8     48     47     38     51      4     33
DK/NA                15     13      9     17     13     16     14      9     17
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Obama                44%    31%    26%    38%    34%    36%    20%    35%    40%
Reps in Congress     46     54     59     49     55     48     66     50     47
DK/NA                11     15     15     13     11     16     13     15     13
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Obama                49%    41%    46%    42%    44%    40%    44%    42%    43%
Reps in Congress     40     44     37     45     45     49     42     43     43
DK/NA                12     16     17     14     11     11     14     15     14
 
TREND: Who do you trust to do a better job handling the economy, President Obama or the Republicans in Congress? (* Low also 41% Jul 2010, Jun 2011)
                                                             OBAMA.........
                                                             High    Low
                     Apr 20  Feb 23  Nov 22  Nov 02  Oct 06  Nov 02  Oct 06
                     2012    2012    2011    2011    2011    2011    2011*
 
Obama                43      46      44      48      41      48      41
Reps in Congress     43      41      41      39      43      39      43
DK/NA                15      13      15      12      16      12      16
 
 
45. Do you think Congress should try to repeal the health care law, or should they let it stand?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Should repeal it     51%    82%    21%    57%    56%    48%    59%    17%    38%
Should let it stand  38      8     68     33     36     39     32     67     50
DK/NA                11      9     11     10      9     13     10     16     12
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Should repeal it     51%    63%    68%    59%    63%    55%    74%    58%    56%
Should let it stand  44     25     22     34     30     33     15     33     34
DK/NA                 5     12     10      7      7     12     10      9     11
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Should repeal it     46%    54%    47%    55%    52%    56%    48%    56%    49%
Should let it stand  47     34     37     38     39     39     39     35     40
DK/NA                 6     13     16      7      9      5     13      9     11
 
 
TREND: Do you think Congress should try to repeal the health care law, or should they let it stand? (2011 wording referenced "new" health care law)
                     Apr 20  Feb 23  Nov 23  May 04  Jan 18
                     2012    2012    2011    2011    2011
 
Should repeal it     51      52      47      44      48
Should let it stand  38      39      41      45      43
DK/NA                11      10      12      11       8
 
 
46. The Supreme Court has heard a challenge to the health care law. Do you want the Supreme Court to uphold the health care law or overturn it?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Uphold it            38%     9%    70%    33%    36%    40%    31%    70%    52%
Overturn it          49     80     16     55     54     44     56     13     35
DK/NA                13     11     14     12     10     16     12     17     14
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Uphold it            44%    25%    23%    31%    30%    32%    17%    33%    34%
Overturn it          49     60     64     59     61     52     70     56     55
DK/NA                 7     15     13     10      9     16     13     11     12
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Uphold it            47%    34%    38%    37%    39%    39%    42%    36%    38%
Overturn it          45     50     43     53     51     53     43     53     48
DK/NA                 8     16     19     10     10      8     14     11     14
 
TREND: The Supreme Court has heard a challenge to the health care law. Do you want the Supreme Court to uphold the health care law or overturn it? (2011 wording referenced "new" health care law) (* "will hear")
                     Apr 20  Feb 23  Nov 23
                     2012    2012*   2011*
 
Uphold it            38      39      40
Overturn it          49      50      48
DK/NA                13      11      12
 
 
47. As you may know, in 2010 the state of Arizona passed a law that requires police to verify the legal status of someone they have already stopped or arrested if they suspect that the person is in the country illegally. Do you approve or disapprove of Arizona's immigration law?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Approve              68%    92%    46%    72%    71%    66%    74%    55%    47%
Disapprove           27      5     47     24     25     28     22     37     49
DK/NA                 5      3      7      4      4      6      4      7      5
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Approve              62%    80%    81%    75%    75%    72%    85%    73%    75%
Disapprove           35     16     15     21     22     23     11     22     21
DK/NA                 3      4      5      4      3      5      4      4      4
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Approve              59%    72%    68%    70%    70%    68%    69%    68%    67%
Disapprove           37     22     26     26     27     29     28     28     26
DK/NA                 4      5      7      4      3      2      3      4      7
 
TREND: As you may know, in 2010 the state of Arizona passed a law that requires police to verify the legal status of someone they have already stopped or arrested if they suspect that the person is in the country illegally. Do you approve or disapprove of Arizona's immigration law? (2011 wording "As you may know, last year...")
                     Apr 20  Feb 23  Nov 03
                     2012    2012    2011
 
Approve              68      64      61
Disapprove           27      32      34
DK/NA                 5       4       5
 
 
48. The Supreme Court will hear a challenge to Arizona's immigration law. Do you want the Supreme Court to uphold Arizona's immigration law or overturn it?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Uphold it            62%    85%    39%    68%    67%    58%    68%    46%    45%
Overturn it          27      7     49     24     26     29     23     40     43
DK/NA                10      8     13      8      7     13      9     13     12
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Uphold it            57%    74%    75%    69%    71%    65%    80%    68%    68%
Overturn it          34     18     16     21     23     23     12     22     23
DK/NA                 9      9      9     10      6     12      8      9      9
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Uphold it            54%    66%    60%    64%    66%    62%    62%    64%    62%
Overturn it          36     24     27     27     27     31     29     28     27
DK/NA                10     10     12      9      7      7     10      7     11
 
TREND: The Supreme Court will hear a challenge to Arizona's immigration law. Do you want the Supreme Court to uphold Arizona's immigration law or overturn it?
                     Apr 20  Feb 23
                     2012    2012
 
Uphold it            62      61
Overturn it          27      31
DK/NA                10       8
 
 
49. Do you think the government bailout of the American auto industry was a success or a failure?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Success              50%    37%    68%    44%    52%    48%    50%    58%    44%
Failure              38     50     18     46     39     36     39     24     34
DK/NA                13     13     14     10      9     16     11     17     22
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Success              61%    44%    45%    54%    52%    48%    38%    53%    46%
Failure              30     44     42     37     40     39     49     37     41
DK/NA                 9     12     14      8      8     14     12     11     13
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Success              61%    45%    39%    56%    54%    62%    43%    48%    56%
Failure              29     41     44     35     37     30     42     39     33
DK/NA                 9     14     17      9      9      8     15     12     11
 
 
50. Do you think the government should have acted to help the American auto industry or not?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk    Hsp
 
Yes                  53%    34%    78%    49%    51%    55%    50%    77%    56%
No                   41     59     17     46     45     37     44     16     40
DK/NA                 6      7      5      5      4      8      5      6      4
 
                     WHITE..............................................
                     COLLEGE DEG                               BornAgnEv   Mltry
                     Yes    No     Prot   Cath   Men    Wom    Yes    No   HsHld
 
Yes                  57%    47%    46%    53%    48%    52%    41%    52%    50%
No                   39     47     48     43     48     41     53     43     44
DK/NA                 4      6      6      4      3      7      7      5      6
 
                     COLLEGE DEG   ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME...  AGE IN YRS.......
                     Yes    No     <30K   30-50  50-100 >100K  18-34  35-54  55+
 
Yes                  59%    51%    51%    58%    54%    54%    55%    52%    55%
No                   37     42     43     38     42     42     40     43     40
DK/NA                 4      6      6      4      4      4      5      6      5
 
 

Demographic Summary