September 14, 2011 - Virginia Voters Back Tougher Abortion Rules, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds; Gov. McDonnell's 3-1 Approval Is One Of Best Scores

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By an overwhelming 55 - 22 percent, Virginians support a new law requiring abortion clinics to be regulated like hospitals, according to a Quinnipiac University poll released today.

Gov. Bob McDonnell, who backed the legislation, remains highly popular with a 61 - 21 percent job approval rating, matching New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo's 62 - 22 percent job approval as the best in states surveyed by the independent Quinnipiac (KWIN-uh-pe-ack) University.

There is virtually no gender gap as women support tougher regulation of abortion clinics 54 - 21 percent, while men back the measure 57 - 24 percent. Support is 62 - 12 percent among Republicans, 57 - 21 percent among independent voters and 47 - 34 percent among Democrats.

State health regulators are to vote Thursday on regulations implementing tougher abortion clinic standards that are popular even though by 50 - 41 percent Virginians say abortion should be legal in all or most cases. The Virginia Legislature, which gets a 48 - 34 percent approval rating, passed the law that abortion rights groups say is a back-door attempt to stop abortions in the state because most of the existing clinics cannot meet the structural requirements of the new law.

But 50 percent of registered voters see the new law as a way to safeguard women's health, while 33 percent see the law as unnecessary and an effort to put abortion clinics out of business. There is only a small gender gap on this question.

"There is strong support for the new abortion law among men and women. Opponents apparently have been unable to convince the electorate that this is an unwarranted back-door way to stop abortions," said Peter A. Brown, assistant director of the Quinnipiac University Polling Institute. "Even Democrats, by a plurality, support the measure."

"Gov. Bob McDonnell's approval numbers, up from 55 - 26 percent in a June 29 Quinnipiac University survey, are among the best in the country," said Brown.

"Not only is he personally popular, but so too is his budget. Virtually every other governor in the country must be envious about Bob McDonnell's numbers."

Not surprisingly, Republicans approve of the governor 79 - 7 percent and independent voters approve 67 - 17 percent, while Democrats are divided 39 - 40 percent. Even black voters, historically a Democratic group, approve 46 - 32 percent, "a highly unusual finding for a Republican office-holder," said Brown. White voters approve of the governor's performance 67 - 18 percent.

Virginians say 56 - 14 percent they like McDonnell personally and by 52 - 26 percent say they like most of his policies. By 53 - 29 percent they approve of his handling of the state budget, and say 55 - 31 percent that the budget is fair to people like them.

Asked about control of the State Legislature that will be determined by this November's elections, 25 percent would like both houses controlled by Democrats; 25 percent want the Republicans in control and 43 percent say they want the current split control to continue.

Virginia voters are generally happy with their political leaders. Giving all their statewide elected political figures positive job approval ratings:
  • U.S. Sen. Mark Warner is at 64 - 22 percent, the highest approval of any statewide official;
  • U.S. Sen. Jim Webb gets 51 - 30 percent;
  • Lt. Gov. Bill Bolling has a 39 - 15 percent approval;
  • Attorney General Ken Cuccinelli scores 47 - 29 percent.
From September 7 - 12, Quinnipiac University surveyed 1,368 registered voters with a margin of error of +/- 2.7 percentage points. Live interviewers call land lines and cell phones.

The Quinnipiac University Poll, directed by Douglas Schwartz, Ph.D., conducts public opinion surveys in Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Florida, Ohio, Virginia and the nation as a public service and for research. For more data or RSS feed- http://www.quinnipiac.edu/polling.xml, call (203) 582-5201, or follow us on Twitter.


8. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bob McDonnell is handling his job as Governor?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Approve              61%    79%    39%    67%    68%    55%    67%    46%
Disapprove           21      7     40     17     18     24     18     32
DK/NA                18     13     21     17     13     22     15     23
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Approve              74%    71%    63%    57%    62%    60%
Disapprove           12     15     19     27     20     20
DK/NA                14     14     18     16     18     20
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Approve              60%    62%    63%    58%    67%    42%    58%    78%
Disapprove           21     20     21     22     20     36     25      9
DK/NA                19     18     16     20     13     22     17     13
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bob McDonnell is handling his job as Governor?
                     Sep 14  Jun 29
                     2011    2011
 
Approve              61      55
Disapprove           21      26
DK/NA                18      19
 
 
9. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the state legislature is handling its job?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Approve              48%    61%    33%    54%    53%    43%    52%    36%
Disapprove           34     23     48     31     33     35     31     44
DK/NA                18     16     19     16     13     22     17     20
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Approve              49%    56%    56%    42%    47%    44%
Disapprove           34     30     28     35     35     38
DK/NA                18     14     16     22     17     17
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Approve              48%    52%    45%    44%    56%    33%    46%    60%
Disapprove           36     33     34     38     26     49     37     25
DK/NA                17     15     21     18     18     19     17     15
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way the state legislature is handling its job?
                     Sep 14  Jun 29
                     2011    2011
 
Approve              48      48
Disapprove           34      33
DK/NA                18      19
 
 
10. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Mark Warner is handling his job as United States Senator?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Approve              64%    51%    80%    67%    64%    64%    63%    80%
Disapprove           22     33     10     24     26     19     25     11
DK/NA                13     16     10     10     10     17     12     10
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Approve              55%    62%    67%    63%    62%    66%
Disapprove           28     28     22     23     25     17
DK/NA                17     10     10     14     13     17
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Approve              65%    63%    64%    62%    68%    76%    72%    51%
Disapprove           18     24     25     23     21     11     18     34
DK/NA                18     13     10     15     11     13     10     15
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Mark Warner is handling his job as United States Senator?
                     Sep 14  Jun 30
                     2011    2011
 
Approve              64      57
Disapprove           22      29
DK/NA                13      14
 
 
11. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Jim Webb is handling his job as United States Senator?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Approve              51%    35%    68%    56%    53%    49%    49%    66%
Disapprove           30     46     15     29     34     25     33     16
DK/NA                19     19     18     14     13     25     18     18
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Approve              45%    53%    52%    54%    50%    50%
Disapprove           35     35     30     26     34     26
DK/NA                20     12     18     21     17     24
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Approve              51%    52%    50%    47%    59%    65%    59%    38%
Disapprove           22     31     34     31     27     14     24     45
DK/NA                27     17     16     22     14     21     17     17
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Jim Webb is handling his job as United States Senator?
                     Sep 14  Jun 30
                     2011    2011
 
Approve              51      50
Disapprove           30      31
DK/NA                19      18
 
 
13. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bill Bolling is handling his job as Lieutenant Governor?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Approve              39%    51%    32%    38%    43%    36%    40%    45%
Disapprove           15      9     24     13     14     17     14     19
DK/NA                45     40     43     49     44     47     45     36
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Approve              47%    43%    30%    38%    47%    37%
Disapprove           12     14     13     14     15     21
DK/NA                41     43     56     47     38     42
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Approve              39%    43%    38%    41%    37%    30%    35%    52%
Disapprove           12     17     16     16     13     22     17     10
DK/NA                49     40     46     42     50     48     48     37
 
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bill Bolling is handling his job as Lieutenant Governor?
                     Sep 14  Jun 29
                     2011    2011
 
Approve              39      39
Disapprove           15      20
DK/NA                45      42
 
 
14. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Ken Cuccinelli is handling his job as Virginia Attorney General?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Approve              47%    67%    31%    44%    51%    44%    49%    45%
Disapprove           29     12     47     30     30     28     27     37
DK/NA                24     20     21     26     18     29     23     18
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Approve              55%    53%    44%    45%    51%    46%
Disapprove           16     27     34     30     29     21
DK/NA                28     20     22     25     20     33
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Approve              50%    45%    49%    50%    42%    34%    40%    65%
Disapprove           23     32     29     23     40     45     36     14
DK/NA                27     23     22     27     18     21     24     21
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Ken Cuccinelli is handling his job as Virginia Attorney General?
                     Sep 14  Jun 29
                     2011    2011
 
Approve              47      49%
Disapprove           29      31
DK/NA                24      20
 
 
18. Regardless of how you feel about Bob McDonnell's policies, would you say you like or don't like Bob McDonnell as a person?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Like                 56%    69%    43%    57%    64%    49%    58%    61%
Don't Like           14      4     27     12     14     14     13     17
DK/NA                30     27     29     30     22     37     29     22
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Like                 62%    61%    52%    49%    63%    54%
Don't Like           13     11     13     20     12     14
DK/NA                25     28     34     31     25     32
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Like                 45%    60%    62%    56%    56%    39%    58%    66%
Don't Like           19     12     14     14     14     28     15      6
DK/NA                36     28     24     29     30     33     27     28
 
TREND: Regardless of how you feel about Bob McDonnell's policies, would you say you like or don't like Bob McDonnell as a person?
                     Sep 14  Jun 29
                     2011    2011
 
Like                 56      57
Don't Like           14      16
DK/NA                30      27
 
 
19. And regardless of how you feel about Bob McDonnell as a person, would you say you like or don't like most of Bob McDonnell's policies?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Like                 52%    73%    27%    53%    58%    46%    56%    43%
Don't Like           26     10     49     23     28     25     24     40
DK/NA                22     17     24     24     14     29     21     17
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Like                 62%    57%    50%    44%    56%    52%
Don't Like           18     24     24     32     26     25
DK/NA                20     18     26     23     18     23
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Like                 48%    53%    54%    51%    53%    27%    48%    71%
Don't Like           26     26     27     26     28     52     29     11
DK/NA                26     21     19     23     19     22     23     18
 
 
TREND: And regardless of how you feel about Bob McDonnell as a person, would you say you like or don't like most of Bob McDonnell's policies?
                     Sep 14  Jun 29
                     2011    2011
 
Like                 52      48
Don't Like           26      33
DK/NA                22      19
 
 
20. In general, how satisfied are you with the way things are going in Virginia today? Are you very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Very satisfied       13%    21%     8%    12%    16%    10%    14%    10%
Smwht satisfied      55     58     48     59     56     54     56     48
Smwht dissatisfied   24     15     35     22     20     28     22     32
Very dissatisfied     7      4      9      7      7      8      7     10
DK/NA                 1      2      1      1      2      1      2      -
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Very satisfied       12%    12%    16%    10%    12%    14%
Smwht satisfied      57     59     58     58     54     49
Smwht dissatisfied   24     20     20     23     25     26
Very dissatisfied     6      8      5      9      8      8
DK/NA                 2      1      -      -      1      2
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Very satisfied       11%    13%    15%    12%    15%    10%     9%    19%
Smwht satisfied      55     53     56     53     57     48     59     55
Smwht dissatisfied   27     24     21     26     21     30     24     20
Very dissatisfied     6      9      7      8      5     12      7      4
DK/NA                 1      1      1      1      1      1      1      1
 
TREND: In general, how satisfied are you with the way things are going in Virginia today? Are you very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied?
                     Sep 14  Jun 29
                     2011    2011
 
Very satisfied       13      11
Smwht satisfied      55      57
Smwht dissatisfied   24      23
Very dissatisfied     7       8
DK/NA                 1       1
 
 
21. Currently, Republicans control the Virginia House and Democrats control the Virginia Senate. After the 2012 election would you prefer that the Democrats control both houses of the legislature, the Republicans control both houses of the legislature, or would you prefer that control is split as it is today?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Democrats            25%     -     66%    15%    21%    28%    17%    57%
Republicans          25     64      1     15     28     22     32      1
Split                43     34     27     61     45     41     44     36
DK/NA                 7      3      6      9      5      9      6      6
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Democrats            11%    20%    28%    29%    24%    17%
Republicans          42     29     23     23     27     26
Split                43     45     42     44     42     46
DK/NA                 4      6      7      4      7     11
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Democrats            24%    24%    26%    24%    26%    56%    27%     8%
Republicans          18     26     30     26     25      3     14     51
Split                47     47     37     43     43     37     53     36
DK/NA                10      3      7      7      7      4      6      5
 
 
22. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bob McDonnell is handling the state budget?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Approve              53%    71%    32%    58%    61%    46%    59%    39%
Disapprove           29     16     48     23     25     32     24     49
DK/NA                18     13     20     19     14     22     17     13
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Approve              58%    60%    57%    44%    58%    46%
Disapprove           23     26     20     37     29     32
DK/NA                19     15     23     19     12     22
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Approve              45%    54%    58%    50%    58%    32%    51%    69%
Disapprove           35     29     25     32     24     50     29     18
DK/NA                20     16     17     18     18     18     20     13
 
TREND: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Bob McDonnell is handling the state budget?
                     Sep 14  Jun 29
                     2011    2011
 
Approve              53      50
Disapprove           29      34
DK/NA                18      16
 
23. Do you think the state budget is fair or unfair to people like you?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Fair                 55%    67%    39%    63%    67%    43%    60%    35%
Unfair               31     21     51     22     23     38     26     57
DK/NA                14     12     11     15     10     18     14      7
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Fair                 58%    61%    64%    46%    56%    48%
Unfair               25     25     18     36     34     36
DK/NA                17     14     18     17     10     15
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Fair                 53%    55%    56%    49%    66%    39%    54%    65%
Unfair               31     33     29     37     20     50     31     21
DK/NA                15     11     15     14     15     11     14     14
 
TREND: Do you think the state budget is fair or unfair to people like you? (*Jun 2011 'new state budget')
                     Sep 14  Jun 29
                     2011    2011*
 
Fair                 55      43%
Unfair               31      32
DK/NA                14      25
 
 
24. What do you think about the cuts in state spending in the budget? Do you think the cuts in state spending go too far, not far enough or are they about right?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Too far              25%    11%    46%    21%    20%    30%    21%    42%
Not far enough       20     22     11     22     23     17     20     18
About right          40     54     28     41     46     34     44     29
DK/NA                15     12     14     15     11     19     14     10
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Too far              18%    23%    20%    29%    27%    24%
Not far enough       25     23     14     24     24     17
About right          45     42     47     30     38     44
DK/NA                12     12     19     17     10     16
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Too far              22%    25%    28%    25%    24%    41%    28%    15%
Not far enough       19     25     17     24     14     14     18     26
About right          39     39     43     37     46     30     39     49
DK/NA                20     11     13     14     15     16     16     10
 
TREND: What do you think about the cuts in state spending in the budget? Do you think the cuts in state spending go too far, not far enough or are they about right? (*Jun 2011 'new budget')
                     Sep 14  Jun 29
                     2011    2011
 
Too far              25      29
Not far enough       20      24
About right          40      29
DK/NA                15      18
 
 
25. Do you think abortion should be legal in all cases, legal in most cases, illegal in most cases or illegal in all cases?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Legal all cases      19%    11%    27%    20%    18%    20%    17%    25%
Legal most cases     31     23     38     34     29     32     31     33
Illegal most cases   25     35     16     25     29     22     27     20
Illegal all cases    16     24     11     13     16     17     17     13
DK/NA                 8      7      7      8      8      8      8      8
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Legal all cases       6%    20%    22%    22%    20%    12%
Legal most cases     19     30     38     25     33     23
Illegal most cases   36     27     24     22     26     30
Illegal all cases    32     15     10     21     12     29
DK/NA                 7      7      6     10      9      7
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Legal all cases      23%    20%    16%    18%    21%    35%    20%     9%
Legal most cases     26     34     29     27     37     37     40     19
Illegal most cases   23     24     29     26     25     13     21     38
Illegal all cases    19     16     16     20     10      8     11     26
DK/NA                 8      6     10     10      6      7      7      9
 
 
26. The Virginia state board of health recently issued additional regulations of abortion providers in Virginia. Have you heard or read anything about these additional regulations?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Yes                  25%    19%    28%    29%    27%    23%    28%    15%
No                   74     79     72     69     72     75     71     84
DK/NA                 2      3      -      2      1      2      1      -
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Yes                  20%    28%    30%    19%    27%    19%
No                   78     70     69     79     71     80
DK/NA                 2      2      -      2      3      1
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Yes                  21%    23%    27%    18%    36%    32%    24%    23%
No                   77     75     72     79     64     67     74     76
DK/NA                 2      2      1      2      1      1      2      1
 
 
27. The new rules are the product of a new law in Virginia that reclassified abortion clinics as hospital facilities. According to the new regulations, all abortion clinics and physician offices providing abortions would have to meet specific building and safety requirements that until now, have only been required of hospitals; such as 250-square-foot operating rooms and specific ventilation systems. Do you approve or disapprove of this change that would require the state's abortion clinics to be regulated like hospitals or don't you know?
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Approve              55%    62%    47%    57%    57%    54%    56%    55%
Disapprove           22     12     34     21     24     21     22     22
Don't Know           20     21     16     20     18     21     19     20
REFUSED               3      5      2      2      2      4      3      3
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Approve              65%    59%    47%    57%    58%    59%
Disapprove           12     21     31     21     20     17
Don't Know           18     18     19     20     19     21
REFUSED               5      2      3      2      3      3
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Approve              57%    60%    51%    58%    51%    44%    55%    64%
Disapprove           20     21     24     18     30     41     23     13
Don't Know           21     17     22     21     17     12     20     20
REFUSED               3      3      3      3      2      2      2      3
 
                     HEARD REGULATIONS Q26
                     Yes    No
 
Approve              51%    57%
Disapprove           41     16
Don't Know            7     23
REFUSED               1      3
 
 
28. Supporters of this proposed change say it is needed to safeguard the health of women who get abortions; Opponents say the changes are mainly expensive structural changes and are just an effort to force many clinics who cannot afford them out of business. Which comes closer to your view: These changes are necessary to improve women's health, OR These changes are not necessary and are designed to put abortion clinics out of business.
                     Tot    Rep    Dem    Ind    Men    Wom    Wht    Blk
 
Necessary            50%    56%    43%    50%    48%    52%    50%    54%
Not necessary        33     24     43     34     35     32     35     31
DK/NA                17     20     14     17     17     16     16     14
 
                     White         AREA........................
                     BrnAgn Mltry                East/  West/
                     Evngl  HsHlds North  SthEst Rchmnd Shndoah
 
Necessary            59%    53%    41%    52%    52%    56%
Not necessary        23     32     43     33     33     21
DK/NA                19     15     16     15     15     23
 
                     AGE IN YRS.......    COLL DEGREE   POL PHIL.........
                     18-34  35-54  55+    No     Yes    Lib    Mod    Con
 
Necessary            52%    52%    49%    54%    44%    40%    48%    59%
Not necessary        31     34     33     28     42     51     37     22
DK/NA                17     14     18     18     14     10     16     19
 
                     HEARD REGULATIONS Q26
                     Yes    No
 
Necessary            43%    53%
Not necessary        51     28
DK/NA                 6     19
 
 
 

Demographic Summary